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1934 Lily Furedi Born: Budapest, Hungary 1896 Died: New York, New York 1969 oil on canvas 39 x 48 1/4 in. (99.1 x 122.6 cm.) Smithsonian American Art Museum Transfer from the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service 1965.18.43 Smithsonian American Art Museum
1st Floor, South Wing

Exhibition Label

In this painting Lily Furedi boldly did something that few dare to do: she looked at people on the subway. She took the viewpoint of a seated rider gazing down the car at her fellow passengers. The Hungarian-born artist knew of the subway riders' customary avoidance of staring at one’s fellow riders; most people in her painting keep to themselves by hiding behind a magazine or newspaper, or by sleeping. Those who violate the unwritten rule do so furtively. A woman takes a quiet sidelong glance at the newspaper read by the man next to her, while a man steals a peek at a young woman applying lipstick. Only two women in the foreground, who obviously know each other, dare to look directly at each other as they talk companionably.

Furedi takes a friendly interest in her fellow subway riders, portraying them sympathetically. She focuses particularly on a musician who has fallen asleep in his formal working clothes, holding his violin case. The artist would have identified with such a New York musician because her father, Samuel Furedi, was a professional cellist.

1934: A New Deal for Artists exhibition label

Research Notes

Read research notes for Subway. (pdf)


Architecture - vehicle - subway

Figure group

Figure group

Recreation - leisure - conversation

Recreation - leisure - grooming

Recreation - leisure - reading

State of being - other - sleep

New Deal - Public Works of Art Project - New York City


paint - oil

fabric - canvas

About Lily Furedi

Born: Budapest, Hungary 1896 Died: New York, New York 1969